The Trees of Rosemount Park
The aim of this page is to guide the reader on a journey through the trees of Rosemount Park. The collection is moving towards completion, with Scottish native specimens augmented by naturalised, choice exotic and ancient types of trees, whilst retaining the existing character of the park.
The park was part of the land of Rosemount House with some of the trees dating back to this time. During the 20th century it was part of a dairy farm. Importantly, it also contains the Friars Well, the source for the town’s Cross Well. Nearby there is archaeological evidence of occupation in the Neolithic /Bronze Age period, including the finding of a bronze spearhead. Next to the park is Rosemount Wood which is the site of the Carmelite Friary (c1280-c1560). Hidden away on the south side of the Union Canal, the park covers an area of about 3 hectares and contains in the region of 300 trees. Being within the Upper Linlithgow Conservation Area, this gives some legal protection for the trees.
There is a line of mixed conifer and deciduous trees along the western side of the park, with a Sycamore dating back to c1800. Some large old specimens feature in the centre of the park, including Beech, Oak, Sycamore, Ash, Lime, Horse Chestnut and a Field Maple. Also to be found are two small copses containing large conifers and deciduous trees, with attractive Scots pine and Corsican pine as well as tall Silver Birch and Whitebeam. There is an impressive line of pink and white flowering Cherries and a relatively recent planting of Limes, Red Oak and Field Maples. Nearby is the location of the lost arboretum of Rockville but there is still an impressive Cedar of Lebanon, as well as a Swamp Cypress, visible from the park.
In recent years, Rosemount has lost some magnificent beeches and other old trees. In the Autumn of 2019, West Lothian Council replanted these lost trees.
In the light of the already impressive collection of Scottish native trees, numbering over 30 types, Burgh Beautiful has continued to progress to completion of the park’s collection to feature alongside some non-native, but naturalised specimens. The arboretum now contains three of the eight rarest trees found naturally worldwide. The Wollemia nobilis, regarded as critically endangered and only discovered in 1994, Maidenhair tree (Ginkgo) and the Monkey Puzzle, helping to conserve these species.
Mindful of conserving the character of the park, including the sledging runs, considered additional planting to complete the park as a community arboretum is taking place. This involves planting a small number of primitive and long-lived trees such as the Gingko, Dawn Redwood and Giant Sequoia. Additionally, there is a small number of exotic and ornamental trees being planted which give the park a member of each of the tree families. Further trees include other long-lived specimens together with the need for succession planting of trees such as Ash and old Scots Pine which, in time, will be lost. An evergreen Holm Oak, suitable for a changing climate, has been planted to celebrate the Platinum Jubilee of Queen Elizabeth II. This will in time, replace a nearby Ash which will be lost to disease.
Selected examples of the trees are labelled to include both the scientific and common names, together with their origin. Some of the examples carry temporary labels until they are large enough for the standard label.
The canal-side Rosemount Park is known as a ‘hidden gem’ of Linlithgow and provides both an environmental and educational resource.
By reference to the list at the end of the page, you are invited to take a stroll round the park, commencing at the Paper-Bark Birch at the entrance off Friar’s Loan (Friar’s Brae) and following a clockwise direction, finishing at the Maidenhair Tree (Ginkgo).
West Lothian Council and Buglife are developing areas of wildflower meadows with a mix selected for being nectar-rich. The recent installation of an interpretive panel in the Park adds to educational opportunities and appreciation of both wildflower and insect identification.
Triangle Community Wood
A further Burgh Beautiful tree project is underway at Kettlestoun Mains, west of the Leisure Centre. Almost 1,400 trees have been donated by the Woodland Trust and, with the help of members of the public, planting took place in the Autumns of 2019, 2020 and 2021. Maintenance work will continue to protect the trees from deer and to establish pathways.
If you would like to help with any of our activities, please contact Burgh Beautiful http://lbt.scot/burgh-beautiful
THE TREES OF ROSEMOUNT PARK, LINLITHGOW – 2023
|Common Name||Scientific Name||what3words Location||Origin|
|Paper-Bark Birch||Betula papyrifera||mandolin/pulses/bins||North America|
|Van Volxem’s Maple||Acer velutinum var. vanvolxemii||haunt/superbly/meanings||Caucasus|
|Row of Ornamental Cherries||Prunus spp.||chess/routines/knowledge||East Asia|
|Common Hawthorn||Crataegus monogyna||sticky/slurping/pioneered||Scotland|
|European Larch||Larix decidua||requiring/clincher/sparkles||Alps|
|Sitka Spruce||Picea sitchensis||flamenco/variously/agree||North America|
|Douglas Fir||Pseudotsuga menziesii||conspire/coverings/scanner||North America|
|Cappadocian Maple||Acer cappadocicum||uniforms/tangent/revision||Caucasus|
|Swamp Cypress||Taxodium distichum||fatigued/impulses/return||Texas|
|Red Alder||Alnus rubra||stole/essays/picnic||North America|
|Common Hornbeam||Carpinus betulus||artist/podcast/shameless||Scotland|
|Downy Birch||Betula pubescens||trudges/hope/handed||Scotland|
|Common Hazel||Corylus avellana||fuses/luckier/jets||Scotland|
|Holm Oak||Quercus ilex||trades/rejoined/cheer||Mediterranean|
|Common Rowan||Sorbus aucuparia||insiders/labels/dote||Scotland|
|Irish Yew||Taxus baccata ‘Fastigiata’||onions/however/executive||Ireland|
|Great Sallow||Salix caprea||salad/protestor/draining||Scotland|
|White Poplar||Populus alba||Pollution/chuckle/yours||Scotland|
|White Willow||Salix alba||alert/fewer/preoccupied||Scotland|
|Black Poplar||Populus nigra||desire/newsreel/gasp||England|
|Common Osier||Salix viminalis||little/arranges/shell||Scotland|
|Common Ash||Fraxinus excelsior||geologist/hike/stops||Scotland|
|Western Red Cedar||Thuja plicata||duke/newly/verve||North America|
|Cider Gum||Eucalyptus gunnii||rhino/nitrogen/cracker||South-East Australia|
|Japanese Pagoda Tree||Styphnolobium japonicum||balloons/ditching/tailing||China|
|Black Mulberry||Morus nigra||intersect/following/hippy||West Asia|
|Crab Apple||Malus sylvestris||executive/skills/broads||Scotland|
|Common Plum||Prunus domestica||riverside/music/arranges||Caucasus|
|European Pine (Scots)||Pinus sylvestris||variances/trend/mows||Scotland|
|Wild Cherry||Prunus avium||objecting/buggy/appetite||Scotland|
|Corsican Pine||Pinus nigra ssp. laricio||posting/wiggly/wound||Corsica|
|Silver Birch||Betula pendula||mule/dart/hardening||Scotland|
|Common Whitebeam||Sorbus aria||elephant/deadline/commenced||Scotland|
|Cretan Maple||Acer sempervirens||exhaled/nanny/risks||South-East Europe|
|Giant Sequoia||Sequoiadendron giganteum||dignitary/strongman/ritual||Western USA|
|Coast Redwood||Sequoia sempervirens||fidgeted/flopped/decs||California|
|Dawn Redwood||Metasequoia glyptostroboides||mincing/decoded/sleep||China|
|Common Beech||Fagus sylvatica||floatation/backlog/hubcaps||Scotland|
|Turkey Oak||Quercus cerris||sweeten/monorail/incorrect||Turkey|
|Filbert Hazel||Corylus maximus||replaying/idealist/against||South-East Europe|
|Small-Leafed Lime||Tilia cordata||barks/thickens/professes||Scotland|
|English Elm (disease resistant)||Ulmus minor var. vulgaris||restores/passion/outhouse||Britain|
|Horse Chestnut||Aesculus hippocastanum||roofed/myths/archive||Naturalised|
|Ornamental Willow (Rockville wet area)||(Salix v)||tadpoles/confronts/twinge||China|
|Common Alder||Alnus glutinosa||holiday/princes/modifies||Scotland|
|Sweet Chestnut||Castanea sativa||rental/comet/handover||South Europe|
|Sessile Oak||Quercus petraea||frock/mixing/monument||Scotland|
|English Oak||Quercus robur||receiving/crust/slave||Scotland|
|Field Maple||Acer campestre||tags/people/crunched||Scotland|
|Handkerchief / Dove Tree||Davidia involucrata||they/stream/scorching||China|
|Red Horse Chestnut||Aesculus x carnea||influencing/prouder/cosmetic||North America|
|Common Yew||Taxus baccata||easily/compliant/handbag||Scotland|
|Common Holly||Ilex aquifolium||water/stub/concluded||Scotland|
|Chinese Silver Birch||Betula albosinensis Fascination||Contrived/oppose/just||China|
|Western Hemlock||Tsuga heterophylla||blaze/poetic/tarnished||North America|
|Cut-Leafed Elder||Sambucus nigra laciniata||dried/dumps/arriving||Scotland|
|Wych Elm||Ulmus glabra||tangling/money/stressed||Scotland|
|Blue Atlas Cedar||Cedrus atlantica f glauca||many/golden/roadshow||North Africa|
|Cedar of Lebanon||Cedrus libani||title/linguists/sundial||Lebanon|
|Lawson Cypress||Chamaecyparis lawsonia||hourglass/sweeter/workbench||California|
|Lombardy Poplar||Populus nigra Italica||purses/surfer/slowness||Central Asia|
|Dog Rose||Rosa canina||layered/enclosing/quantity||Scotland|
|Red Oak||Quercus rubra||newsprint/cheered/behaving||North America|
|Hybrid Sessile Oak||Quercus petraea sp.||piano/alley/motivator||Scotland|
|Willow-leafed Pear||Pyrus salicifolia||nags/voltage/defining||Caucasus|
|Guelder Rose||Viburnum opulus||extremely/carbonate/savings||Scotland|
|Norway Maple||Acer platanoides||helping/dirt/duet||Europe|
|Himalayan Hazel||Corylus ferox||pushing/bags/rural||Himalayas|
|Monkey Puzzle / Chilean Pine||Araucaria Araucana||whistle/compose/inhabited||Chile|
|Wollemi Pine||Wollemia nobilis||amicably/imprints/shakes||Australia|
|Ginkgo / Maidenhair Tree||Ginkgo biloba||shipyards/saturate/headlines||China|
CLIMATE CHANGE MATTERS, WITH TREES AND WILD FLOWERS BEING INCREASINGLY IMPORTANT